Orthodontics: fashion or need?

 

Orthodontics is no longer just children and adolescents. More and more people find a solution to their dental problems, mandibular with ortho by Elizondo for orthodontics in Tijuana Mexico.
Orthodontic treatment aims to make patients obtain what is considered a growth and development of their teeth and jaws within their own normality, with a “harmonic” assembly of all the pieces.

In general, orthodontic treatment uses different devices in order to correct anomalies of the teeth and jaw bones, obtaining improvements to a greater or lesser degree -depending on the problem and the characteristics of the patient- both in the function of the teeth and in the aesthetic aspect of the face, as well as the state of the gums.

As a preventive measure of any alteration, it is recommended to visit the orthodontist at 6 years of age -when the first definitive molars begin to emerge- in order to analyze whether by the time 12 years old, when the final second molars erupt, everything will fit. In general, the orthodontist will review at these ages how the teeth change and the occlusion of the incisors, as well as the contact that the teeth maintain horizontally and vertically.

At this early stage, it is possible that an X-ray reveals the need to place in the children ‘space maintainers’ so that the permanent molars do not reduce the space reserved for the final teeth when the milk teeth fall or alter the relationship between them. They must keep the teeth for a correct bite or occlusion.

It is also possible to correct problems generated by abnormal habits, such as suction of the thumb, by means of a simple interceptive treatment, that is, to prevent any incipient anomalies from settling. When orthodontic measures are not applied or they do not prevent a bad bite from developing, the solution is in the corrective treatment using functional appliances, fixed or removable.

Who needs an orthodontics

In general, orthodontics need all those who have malocclusion of the teeth, since this anomaly can prevent proper chewing, proper cleaning of teeth-with negative consequences for dental health, such as cavities, tooth loss, problems with teeth. gums or enamel wear – or even generate insecurity or make the sufferers feel self-conscious.

The malocclusions or bite problems can be inherited or be the consequence of a dental disease, early loss of milk teeth or permanents, an accident or medical disorders, among other causes. Therefore, it can occur in children, but also be present in adults -when they have not been treated during childhood or problems developed over the years, such as an accident or the loss of a piece due to an infection. for example-.

The misalignment of the bite is classified as:

Type I: although the jaws are correctly related, the teeth are advanced with respect to the bone from which they are born. There may be crowding of the teeth or not.
Type II: the maxilla is displaced forward, with the teeth very advanced with respect to its bone base.
Type III: the jaw has outgrown the upper jaw and causes a crossbite.
Symptoms of an incorrect bite include abnormal alignment of the teeth, abnormal appearance of the face, difficulty or discomfort when chewing or biting, speech problems, mouth breathing, and temporomandibular joint problems (joints that link the jaw to the skull). . To diagnose who needs it and how is the orthodontic treatment that it requires and if it must be accompanied by removal of parts or surgical intervention, it is necessary to determine the morphogenetic pattern of the patient. It is about assessing the problems of gear teeth and determine where the deformity originates.

Normally, the orthodontist evaluates the patient through a clinical examination, through a panoramic x-ray of the entire mouth a lateral x-ray of the skull and thanks to intra and extraoral photographs and plaster models of the patient’s mouth to record how is the bite. There are no age limits for orthodontics; only in some orthopedic movements, which can only be done in young people, it is better to practice them before the age of 14, as is the case of the expansion of the palate.