Mandibular pain, diastema (when a space is opened between two adjacent teeth, especially between the incisors and the premolars) or the crowding of the teeth are problems that worry dentists and dental health experts. Another recurring problem is that of occlusion, which is nothing more than the bite or the way in which the teeth of both upper and lower jaws are contacted. Well, two new studies carried out by Spanish and German researchers states that dental occlusion has much to do with the control of posture and body balance in general. In dentists’ offices, more and more problems related to a bad bite are diagnosed, such as deviations from the midline, diastema, crowding, crossbite or missing teeth. Dental occlusion, as we said, is the contact that is established between the upper and lower teeth when closing the mouth. When we close it, our teeth can be perfectly aligned or present different types of alterations. So take care of your teeth because they are not only good for chewing, they are also important for your back, so if you need to, go with your dentists in Tijuana.
Research confirm a statistically not very high relationship between an imperfect bite and postural control. But the figures increase when there are certain conditions in the patient, such as fatigue or instability. The main author of the works and researcher at the Catalan institution, the relevant thing about the study is that the occlusion has been related to different motor and physiological alterations. Iif malocclusions are corrected and the mandibular position is brought to a neutral point, postural control is improved in both static and moving equilibrium.
In the day to day this relationship is not seen so directly in static conditions, although there may be circumstances associated with pathologies, such as obesity, which aggravate body instability and worsen the control of posture and increase the risk of falls. In athletes, the relationship can be decisive both in the final performance and in the prevention of injuries such as strains, strains and fractures, unexpected imbalances as fatigue is greater and the ability of motor response decreases.
Hence, it can be useful both for the general population and for athletes to correct dental occlusion to improve postulated control and avoid possible falls or imbalances due to lack of reaction of the motor system. According to the aforementioned expert, posture control is the result of a complex system that includes different sensor and motor components that come from visual, somatosensory and vestibular information.
In recent years, scientists have increasingly dealt with the relationship between the stomatognathic system (the set of organs and tissues that allow eating, talking, chewing, swallowing and smiling) and the control of posture. The link may have a neurophysiological explanation, since there is a reciprocal influence between the trigeminal nerve and the vestibular nucleus -responsible for masticatory function and balance control respectively-, and between the masticatory and cervical muscles. This influence would explain that dental malocclusions impair the control of posture. But until now the investigations had not been conclusive.